By 2040, the City of Amsterdam expects that nearly all kilometers driven will be powered with electricity generated by windmills, solar panels and biomass plants. The canals will be filled with silent electric boats. Cargo will be transported over the road and water using electric power.
The city will even smell better and sound quieter thanks to electric transport. Harmful emissions will be dramatically reduced, as will the costs of electric transport. All of this will make Amsterdam an attractive city in which to live, work, and play—all thanks to developments that are being put in motion today.
The City of Amsterdam has launched a subsidy scheme to support companies intending to use electric cars, taxis and trucks as a key means of transportation around the city. With this, the municipality hopes to become a green transportation hub.
1. REAL TIME CHARGING AVAILABILITY
By 2013, there will be approximately 1,000 public charging points on the streets of Amsterdam. Information on their location and availability is accessible in real-time via an open API, making Amsterdam the first city in the world to provide such information in this manner.
In November 2011, Car2Go launched in Amsterdam with 300 smart-for-two EVs. The vehicles can be picked up and dropped off at any public parking spot inside the business area, with no need to commit to a specific return time/location. The vehicles have a range of 135 km and time is charged by the minute (€.29/minute, €12.90/hour).
3. ELECTRIC TAXIS
The average diesel taxi contributes nearly 35 times more to the nitrogen dioxide concentration in the city than the average petrol vehicle. There are approximately 2,500 taxis active in Amsterdam during the work week, with the number rising at the weekend. Reducing the pollution caused by taxis is therefore an effective means of improving air quality in Amsterdam. As a result of a 2009 subsidy, the first 10 electric taxis began running in May 2011. By mid 2012, there will be approximately 40 electric taxis in the city.